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Windmills and Caravansary
نسخه ایمیلی صفحه

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Windmills and Caravansary, South Khorasan, Iran

Asfak Caravansary
National Register No: 16475; Age: Qajar era; Location: Boshrooyeh, Asfak village.

کاروانسرا اصفاک بشرویه

The façade of the building is located at the heart of its northern side. Some berms are located at the two sides of the entry which has an ogee arch. Upon passing the door a vestibule with a high and glorious domical roof and marvelous brick works is seen. Around the vestibule several berms are placed which belong to the head of the caravan. For the ease of access each berm is connected to the roof and its enclosed room through a separate staircase. Cubbies are built around the arch leading to the yard. The caravansary yard is a wide and rectangular yard surrounded by corridors and rooms with porches facing the yard.
The porch in front of the yard door is exactly similar to the porch in front of. However, it is wider and higher that the porch next to it. The space under the porch, which is only available to the special guests and passengers, is a corridor surrounded by arcades and shelves. In the middle of the eastern and western sides of the building corridors an ordinary arc (similar to other porches) is seen with two smaller arcs next to it. It seems that this place is the public living place of the caravansary. Caravansaries had been places for the exchange of thoughts and ideas and discussions about social issues, memories, customs, and religious issues of different peoples.


Sarayan Caravanserai
National Register No: 8733; Age: Safavid era; Location: Inside the city of Sarayan

کاروانسرا سرایان

The caravanserai is a two-portico building and its architectural spaces are: an entrance located at the southern side, with gable vault and karbandi decorations; a vestibule leading to minor rooms on the both sides and the courtyard in the front; several cells for the repose of caravans; two porches on the northern and southern sides; and a stable located behind the porch and northern cells. Sarayan Caravanserai is a monument related to Safavid era and is known as Rabat-e Shah "Abbasi".


Windmills of Nehbandan
National Registeration Number. 3459, Age: Qajar Dynasty, Location Talim Ave.

آسباد نهبندان

Difficult natural situations in deserts inside Iran have lead people to use their creativity and innovation to take the most advantage of natural factors and conditions to control them. Being spread in all over the southern region in Khorasan Province especially in villages of Nehbandan, asbads of Nehbandan are a sample of these creativities. Nehbandan is an important region because 120-day winds of Sistan are expanded as far as the region. The most number of asbads are installed inside Neh. Char-Farsakh, Gavand, Khansharaf, Mighan, etc are other villages in which many asbads are installed.


Boshrooyeh Watertmills
National Register No: 11931, 20484, 20487, 20571, 20576; Age: a thousand years.

آسیاب بشرویه
آسیاب بشرویه

Seven watermills are located in the old path from Boshrooyeh to Reqeh village. This path forms a part of the ancient path from this city to Tabas and hosts old aqueducts built along the path from Reqeh Mountains to Boshrooyeh plain. Three of these watermills are being operating. The existence of operating watermills is a rare cultural heritage in the country. Similar evidence is rarely seen in deserts. These places are highly capable of attracting tourists due to several reasons including: human technological genius, the combination of sceneries and build and natural heritages, the use of clean energies, and the high quality of the flour and bread. Therefore, the program for creating five Iranian gardens and related infrastructure is formulated due to the designation of the sample tourism site of Boshrooyeh.


Tabas Mesina Windmills
National Registration No. 4661, Age: Qajar Dynasty, Monument Address: Tabas Mesina Village

آسباد طبس مسینا

The complex is located in Tabasmesina City, of dependencies of Darmian Province. Natural difficult conditions of desert areas and edge of Iran desert have led the people of desert edge to use their innovation and creativities and control them by making the best use of the natural factors and conditions. Windmills are among the creativities seen in most areas of Southern Khorasan (especially the areas exposed to 120-day winds of Sistan. In defining the windmills, it can be said that the windmill is an architectural structure turning wheat into flour using wind energy. Windmills of Tabasmesina are constructed in two floors. The ground floor includes a series of stairs ended into the upper floor. The second floor includes a limited space surrounded by adobe and muddy walls and the side where wind enters the structure does not have wall. Wooden curtains connected to a vertical axis are pushed around when the wind blows and leads to the rotation of the axis and in the end the mill stone. The structure of the windmills are constructed by adobe and mud, and belonged to Qajar period.


آخرین بروز رسانی : 1392/07/22 00:21:11  تعداد مشاهده : 4001  نویسنده / ویرایشگر : مدیر سایت