Dehsalm Nehbandan Desert: Distance to Birjand 285 km
Location: Dehsalm village is located at 85 km west of Nehbandan city on Nehbandan Shahdad Route. Lut Desert is among the hottest places on earth; so hot that animal carcasses do not decay. Evaporation strength of water is such that carcasses dry before decomposition by bacteria. This region is known as a branch of moon on Earth. Kalout (yardang) is the significant characteristic of Lut Desert at 25 km of Shahdad and less than half an hour driving in an antithetic region of Iran’s cold mountains. In early spring, these mountains are covered with snow; a good summer highland for nomads. During winters Shahdad is visited by numerous tourists, where the coldness of Sirch chills to the bone.
Mythical town of “Kalout” – a narration of Kerman nature – located at 130 km of Nehbandan is a wonderful area near Shahdad. It not possible foranyone to live in this mythical town; indeed living is not possible for anyone in this region, even a bacterium. Yardang is a construct evolved by wind blow on desert soft soil over years; drizzling on arid body of desert, reinforces soils stacked around a rock and creates a construct, like an adobe building from a prehistoric civilization. Journey in yardangs without a guide is dangerous because can get lost in any moment one at an imaginary city of 110 km long and 50 km wide.
The world’s highest sandy pyramids, 40 quaternary volcanic cones, broad sand and gravel areas with a color spectrum from light brown to gray and black resembling “gunpowder gorge,” wavy sandy zones, plant covered dunes, Camel Toe Desert (after heavy raining these surfaces seem like some camels walked on it), Hammada (plains of gravel) and salty river are of unique wonders of the Lut Desert.
Sand skiing though not yet done in Iran, but they havethe potential for investment and tourist attraction.