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نسخه ایمیلی صفحه

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Nehbandan, the Longstanding and Stable City

With 41102 square meters area, Nehbandan is the most southern city in Southern Khorasan Province. The city is located on 60°, 30´ longitude, 31°, 33´ latitude and 1196 meters altitude. Nehbandan is located on a vast plain field because of its natural situation and neighboring to salt desert. From viewpoint of land roughness, city is limited to a mountain in north with 2500 meters height of tops. Kooh Sorkh (red mount), Kooh Bidmeshk (musk-willow mount) and Kooh Boobak are some of these heights.

Historical Background:
When Sistan and Ghohestan were considered as two Chief Lands, “Neh” and “Bandan” were two important governmental centers, a deputy governor was appointed by King for each of them. “Neh” was greater and more important than “Bandan”. Because there were too many cities around the country that “Neh” was compounded in their names, to introduce this region “Neh” was pronounced with “Bandan”. Later, “Neh” was centralized and developed and the city was named “Nehbandan”. There are very limited signs of historical background of Nehbandan during pre-Islamic era in historical books. A brief itinerary book by Isadora Khraski is one of the independent and unique resources about Iran which is approximately written contemporary to Christ’s nativity and is important because of its information about eastern Iran. It is presumed from statements of Kharaski that “Nieh” or “Neh” had been an important city in eastern edge of Loot Desert. Being written by Hamdollah-Ibn-Abibakr during Islamic period, “Nozhatol-Gholoob” is the second resource. He describes “Neh” as the third land established by Ardeshir Babakan, the founder of Samanides, who ruled over Iran from 226-241 Hegira. Hamdollah Mostofi says: “When Ardeshir founded “Neh” as a city on Mofazeh region, Shapoor, son of Ardeshir and ruler of Khorasan, demanded the city from his father, but his father denied. Shapoor was hurt and rebuilt there and renamed it Neh-Shapoor (Neishaboor)”.

Significant Historical Attractions:

Nehbandan Castle
National Registration Number: 1934, Age: Islamic Period, Location: Ghaem St., Nehbandan

نهبندان قلعه نهبندان

Made of stratified mud bricks, the great Nehbandan Castle is located inside Nehbandan. According to architecture plans and earthen antiquities, historical background of castle refers to pre-Islamic period such as Ashkanids and Sasanids. The castle was active up to Safavid era during Islamic period, but was abandoned completely when Safavid were ruling. Existence of this castle approves those historical resources claiming that Nehbandan has been founded before Islamic period.


Shahdezh Castle
National Registration Number: 2262, Age: Sasanide era, Location: 6th km in east of Nehbandan, Nehbandan

نهبندان قلعه شاهدژ نهبندان

The castle is located on 5th km in east of Nehbandan. Stone and brick are materials to construct the castle stratified somewhere with no mortar. Castle has rampart and some towers and has some spaces such as room of soldiers, food storage, water reservoir, etc. The foundation of castle is established during Sasanide era and was bought and repaired by Ismailia during 5th and 6th centuries of Hegira. The castle is one of the castles in the 6th and 7th centuries and belongs to Ismailia but there is a significant difference between this castle and other Ismailia castles. It enjoys two architectural methods of aristocratic buildings and ordinary buildings. The castle is highly important because it can be a very efficient pattern to study architecture and social relations in an urban-based group habitat.

Windmills of Nehbandan
National Registeration Number. 3459, Age: Qajar Dynasty, Location Talim Ave.

نهبندان آسباد نهبندان آسیاب بادی نهبندان

Difficult natural situations in deserts inside Iran have lead people to use their creativity and innovation to take the most advantage of natural factors and conditions to control them. Being spread in all over the southern region in Khorasan Province especially in villages of Nehbandan, asbads of Nehbandan are a sample of these creativities. Nehbandan is an important region because 120-day winds of Sistan are expanded as far as the region. The most number of asbads are installed inside Neh. Char-Farsakh, Gavand, Khansharaf, Mighan, etc are other villages in which many asbads are installed.


Taghavi's House
National Registration Number: 12578, Age: Qajar Dynasty, Location: Inside old context of Nehbandan

نهبندان خانه تقوی نهبندان

This building is located inside the old texture of Nehbandan. The building is for Qajar era according to available architectural evidences. Two northern and southern balconies are specific qualification of this building. Having been constructed in twill arch method, the building differs from other forms of buildings in Nehbandan with bays arches. This building has also more height in comparison with other buildings in historical texture of Nehbandan. Spaces in western and eastern sides have cradle cover. There is a passageway in south-east corner ending to stove-chamber. Cover of stove-chamber is made in domed style ending with a smooth leap to a skylight in above. Symmetrical Northern and southern balconies are about one meter higher than western and eastern sides. Surface of floors of balconies is about half a meter higher than surface of courtyard. All around the edge of roofs adjacent over courtyard is decorated with alabaster. There had been a garden behind north balcony with a passageway connected to north side of balcony. Some windows had been designed on two sides of balcony in north side adjacent over the garden.

Kaji Namakzar Wetland

نهبندان تالاب کجی نمکزار نهبندان

Kaji Namakzar Wetland is located in the north of the city of Nehbandan at a distance of 75 km and has an area of 22,765 hectares. Kaji Namakzar is a broad salt marsh and due to its low altitude compared to other surrounding regions, it has become a gathering point for the area’s drainage. Since the soil salinity is high, Kaji Namakzar has become a salt lake. In the seasons of fall and winter, the level of water increases and the place becomes a sanctuary for waterfowl migratory birds. Indeed, it hosts a large number of migratory birds every year.



آخرین بروز رسانی : 1392/07/22 00:30:49  تعداد مشاهده : 3406  نویسنده / ویرایشگر : مدیر سایت