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Boshrooyeh
نسخه ایمیلی صفحه

نام ونام خانوادگی (دلخواه) :  پست الکترونیک :    ایمیل گیرنده :   
بعد از زدن دکمه ارسال اطلاعات زیر به ایمیل گیرنده ارسال خواهد شد.

Boshrooyeh, the Land of Four Vaults
     

The city of Boshrooyeh is located in the east of Iran, northwest of Southern Khorasan Province. Its geographical coordinates are 57° 59' E longitude and 33°-34° 31'-54' N latitude. Furthermore, it is on the edge of desert and at an altitude of 880 meters above sea level. The city borders with Bajestan to its north, Tabas to its west, village of Deyhuk to its south, and Ferdows to its east.

Historical Background
The region of Boshrooyeh has an old history. Based on the evidences and monuments (Qaleh Dokhtar and Tarnaw), one can argue that Boshrooyeh dates back to pre-Islamic era. In the fifth century AH, Naser Khosrow, who was passing through the region, stopped at Raqqeh rural district and spoke of the flowing waters, agriculture, gardens, battlement, Adineh (Friday) mosque, etc. The urban foundation of Boshrooyeh indicates that the city had a relatively fast growth during its development during Timurid era. The most important evidence of the old civilization in Boshrooyeh is the existence of an almost rectangular square at the center of the city and the middle of the main Rasteh (row) of the old bazaar of Boshrooyeh, which has undergone many changes throughout the time. The passageways of Boshrooyeh are along with aqueduct pathways coming from Raqqeh Mountains. The most important old passageways of Boshrooyeh were Hosseiniyeh Rabati Alley and the main Rasteh (row) of the bazaar, which continued to the west and outside the city after crossing the main square. The old city of Boshrooyeh has four main neighborhoods: Miyandeh, Payin-Mahalleh, Moqri, and Sarpol. This is one of the broadest historical contexts of Southern Khorasan, where mud brick houses with windcathers reveal the exquisite architecture of Timurid and Safavid eras in its original form. Prominent features of this architecture are its stability, persistence, and influence on the surrounding area. Looking at these old houses, one can notice the evolution of residential architecture in its perfect form.

Characteristic Historical Attractions:

Historical Texture of Boshrooyeh

بشرویه بافت تاریخی بشرویه

The historical texture of Boshrooyeh provides one of the few registered and preserved brick textures in the Southern Khorasan Prvince. Containing mud brick houses and various windcatchers, it is considered to be an important and precious evidence of Timurid and Safavid eras because it demonstrates the most original form of houses as a mass of small and large four-corridor houses. In addition to its health, its chief characteristic is its continuity and spread over the surroundings of this ancient city.
This texture covers four major neighborhoods among which “Miyandeh” (City Center) is the most important and thriving one. This neighborhood is not only composed of important buildings of Safavid period such as Miyandeh Mosque, Haj Ali Ashraf’s Hussayniyya, Miyandeh Religious School, and Miyandeh cistern, but is also composed of small and large traditional houses including Panahi, Mulla Abdolah (Boshrooyeh Museum), and Mostowfi houses. “Baqe Khan” is also another highly precious and important building in Boshrooyeh. This building was rehabilitated by Boshrooyeh municipality and is being restored for cultural purposes.
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Mostowfi's House
National Register No: 11620; Age: Qajar era; Location: Mulla Abdolah Touni Boshravi Avenue, Mostowfi Street.

بشرویه خانه مستوفی بشرویه بادگیر


This house, which is located in the west of Miyandeh neighborhood, belongs to the early Qajar era. It has glorious porches with columns. The façade of its rooms and corridors, which can be seen from the yard, is decorated with a type of cassoon known as fusarole. This house differs from other houses in that it includes three successive high windcatchers. Plaster works are seen at the severies of the bays of windcatchers. A precious sunshade, named after this house, is located near it.

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Boshrooyeh Watertmills
National Register No: 11931, 20484, 20487, 20571, 20576; Age: a thousand years.

بشرویه آسیاب بشرویه
 
بشرویه آسیاب بشرویه

Seven watermills are located in the old path from Boshrooyeh to Reqeh village. This path forms a part of the ancient path from this city to Tabas and hosts old aqueducts built along the path from Reqeh Mountains to Boshrooyeh plain. Three of these watermills are being operating. The existence of operating watermills is a rare cultural heritage in the country. Similar evidence is rarely seen in deserts. These places are highly capable of attracting tourists due to several reasons including: human technological genius, the combination of sceneries and build and natural heritages, the use of clean energies, and the high quality of the flour and bread. Therefore, the program for creating five Iranian gardens and related infrastructure is formulated due to the designation of the sample tourism site of Boshrooyeh.
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Qaleye Dokhtar (Young Woman’s Castle)
Age: Sassanid and Seljuk eras.

بشرویه قلعه دختر بشرویه
 
بشرویه قلعه دختر بشرویه

Qaleye Dokhtar, located on the top of a high mountain, is 12 kilometers away from the west of Boshrooyeh and is adjacent to Boshrooyeh aqueduct and “Dahaneh” historical watermill. It is bound by an almost impassable precipice from three directions and can only be climbed from it southern side. This citadel has several places including wide and roofed corridors, circular garrets, halls, spacious rooms, and cisterns. It is among the healthiest citadels in this province. The main material for this building contains fine and carved rocks and a special plaster mortar. Based on its name, it was probably founded in Sassanid era but had been used in the Islamic era as well.

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Asfak Caravansary
National Register No: 16475; Age: Qajar era; Location: Boshrooyeh, Asfak village.

بشرویه کاروانسرای اصفاک بشرویه

The façade of the building is located at the heart of its northern side. Some berms are located at the two sides of the entry which has an ogee arch. Upon passing the door a vestibule with a high and glorious domical roof and marvelous brick works is seen. Around the vestibule several berms are placed which belong to the head of the caravan. For the ease of access each berm is connected to the roof and its enclosed room through a separate staircase. Cubbies are built around the arch leading to the yard. The caravansary yard is a wide and rectangular yard surrounded by corridors and rooms with porches facing the yard.
The porch in front of the yard door is exactly similar to the porch in front of. However, it is wider and higher that the porch next to it. The space under the porch, which is only available to the special guests and passengers, is a corridor surrounded by arcades and shelves. In the middle of the eastern and western sides of the building corridors an ordinary arc (similar to other porches) is seen with two smaller arcs next to it. It seems that this place is the public living place of the caravansary. Caravansaries had been places for the exchange of thoughts and ideas and discussions about social issues, memories, customs, and religious issues of different peoples.

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Tarnav Historical Bridges
National Register No: 2776; Age: Sassanid and Seljuk eras; Location: at a distance of 180 kilometers from the south west of Ferdows.

بشرویه پل ترناو بشرویه

These bridges include two stone architectural structures and provide a link between the two sides of an amazing natural ford through which water from the aqueduct runs. In addition to its professional traditional technology, which reveals its historical importance, it demonstrates one of the most original natural features. It is a combination of natural and historical heritages. The small structure is known to be the remaining of Sassanid era and the larger and relatively healthier structure is known to belong to Seljuk era.





 

آخرین بروز رسانی : 1392/07/22 00:31:10  تعداد مشاهده : 3872  نویسنده / ویرایشگر : مدیر سایت