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Castles, South Khorasan, Iran
Birjand Castle
National registration number: 5164, Age: Qajar, Address: Birjand, Jomhouri Eslami St., Imam Hussein (AS) Sq.
قلعه بیرجند
قلعه بیرجند
قلعه بیرجند
The castle is located on a natural hill in Jomhouri Eslami Street ofBirjand (Islamic Republic Street), and its map is quadrilateral with four circular towers at the four corners and two towers on the western and eastern sides. This castle has two entrances on the north and west sides and an area of about 2500 square meters. The internal space of the castle included several architectural buildings and elements in the past which has been completely destroyed over time and the interior space has been formed into a field and a space surrounded between fences and towers. The materials used in that are clays, muds, and clay walls. According to the archaeological excavations conducted at this site, it can be said that Birjand Castle has been established in the Safavid era and has been reconstructed in Qajar era and some repairs have been applied in its northern side and towers.
Castle of Qaen Mount
National Registration Number: 4803, Age: Ismailia era, Location: 5th km South of Qaen
قلعه کوه قاین
The great and noble context of Castle of Qaen Mount with an area of several acres is one of the Seljuk Era castles and one of the major military bases of Ismailia devotees. The castle is constructed on a mount overlooking Qaen and is limited to mountain on its southern and eastern sides and to Qaen plain on its western and northern sides. Consistent with roughness of mount surface, the castle is constructed in two separated parts, one part for soldiers and another part for commanders. Internal spaces include rooms, towers, numerous water reservoirs and passageways.
Ferdows Mountain Castle
National Registration Number: 29931, Age: Middle Islamic Era, Location: 10 km to the South of Ferdows
قلعه کوه فردوس

Ataol-Molk Joveini writes in Tarikhe Jahangosha [history of conquerors]: “The most developed and greatest castle among 70 castles in south of Ghohestan is located in 5th km of south-west of Ferdows. The castle is limited to a dreadful precipice in three sides. The only way to access castle is through a strait in south-west of mountain (with lower slope). Towers have 5 meters height and are built of rubbles and plaster mortar. When was thriving, the castle had two labyrinthine walls and rampart and some garrets and the area of the final wall was about 1000 meters. The walls do not have geometrically regular surface. At the final part, water reservoirs are excavated deep in the rocks with 10 meters length and about 2 meters width. Water reservoirs were filled by rain and snow and were a help for people when they were surrounded. Reservoirs have not been the only water resource for residents of castle because they had dug a well at the bottom of south wall of castle known as Chahe Ghonoot (well of prayer) today. There are effects of a small cylindrical tower on the ridge of mountain maybe related to turn fire or to espial. Obviously, the castle had been adjacent over neighboring plains and old commercial roads in ancient times especially road of caravans in plain of Toon.


Shahdezh Castle
National Registration Number: 2262, Age: Sasanide era, Location: 6th km in east of Nehbandan, Nehbandan

قلعه شاهدژ نهبندان

The castle is located on 5th km in east of Nehbandan. Stone and brick are materials to construct the castle stratified somewhere with no mortar. Castle has rampart and some towers and has some spaces such as room of soldiers, food storage, water reservoir, etc. The foundation of castle is established during Sasanide era and was bought and repaired by Ismailia during 5th and 6th centuries of Hegira. The castle is one of the castles in the 6th and 7th centuries and belongs to Ismailia but there is a significant difference between this castle and other Ismailia castles. It enjoys two architectural methods of aristocratic buildings and ordinary buildings. The castle is highly important because it can be a very efficient pattern to study architecture and social relations in an urban-based group habitat.


Nehbandan Castle
National Registration Number: 1934, Age: Islamic Period, Location: Ghaem St., Nehbandan

قلعه نهبندان

Made of stratified mud bricks, the great Nehbandan Castle is located inside Nehbandan. According to architecture plans and earthen antiquities, historical background of castle refers to pre-Islamic period such as Ashkanids and Sasanids. The castle was active up to Safavid era during Islamic period, but was abandoned completely when Safavid were ruling. Existence of this castle approves those historical resources claiming that Nehbandan has been founded before Islamic period.


Barkouh Castle
National Registration No. 17062, Age: Safavid Dynasty, Monument Address: in Barkouh Village, Sarbishehh Province

قلعه برکوه سربیشه

At the edge of Barkouh Village in South Sarbishehh, a castle of abode and mud is seen with foursquare plan, towers around and exterior wall. Interior spaces of the castle comprise several rooms along with central courtyard, corridors and connecting spaces a great part of which is ruined. The castle is constructed on a floor ground and is of desert castles types with foursquare plan. Major architectural elements of building are the main bulwark (in form of four thick and high walls) and towers with circular plan in two or three floors on the corners or in the middle of the bulwarks. Other architectural elements and structures of the building include interior spaces of the castle which are connecting corridors of several rooms with various uses and apron. Like the other similar castles, here again materials prevalent and accessible in the area are applied (i.e. rock used at the base of the walls and abode and mud applied in the other parts). Regarding the similarity between the castle and other muddy castle of the village, it is considered to be one of the defensive buildings of Safavid to Qajar period.


Foorg Castle
National Registration No. 3450, Age: Afsharid-Qajar Dynasty, Monument Address: Foorg Village, Asadieh


قلعه فورگ
قلعه فورگ

It is located in Foorg Village, of dependencies of Darmian Province and 90km east of Birjand and 10km Asadieh City. Construction of the castle was begun at the time of Mirza Baqa Khan – ruler of the area. After him, his son – Mirza Rafi' Khan – finished the construction of the castle. Materials used in the construction of the structure are rock, brick, adobe, plaster, lime and cement. Inner space of the castle is composed of various parts including living place of crew, stable, ammunition storeroom and etc which is surrounded by walls of the castle and circular towers, and outlets are built in them for watching and defending. The main gate is located at the east side and a smaller gate at the north side. Dais is located in the highest point and embraces spaces like stable, reservoir, and constructed rooms in two floors and mosque.


Dorokhsh Castle
National Registration No. 15284, Age: Safavid Dynasty, Monument Address: Derakhsh Village

قلعه درخش

The castle is constructed by a foursquare plane and the main entrance is located at the south side of it. The structure has six circular towers located at the south, west and north sides. Entrance is located at the south side and a porch is located after that which is covered by a skullcap dome. Of the other existing spaces at this side, the connecting corridor, several rooms and firewood room can be implied. The castle has two connected yards. By a corridor, the porch space is ended into the first yard around which the main spaces of the castle are formed including two three-door rooms located at east and west sides. Among the ornamentations existing in the rooms, fireplace, and arcature can be implied. Around the first yard, arcature with gable and crescent arch are seen. Skullcap, flat, and kelil domes are used for covering the spaces. The structure has had both defensive and residential aspects and been the residence of the rulers of the area. There is a room at the northwest corner of the second yard ending into the space of the tower. Based on law, any manipulation of the mosque and its privacy is banned unless by receiving written permission from Cultural Heritage Headquarters.


Tabas Masina Castle
National Registration No. 8280, Age: Islamic, Monument Address: East Tabas Mesina

قلعه طبس مسینا

The castle is located at the east edge of TabasmasinaCity. The plan of the castle is in shape of a circle with several walls and towers. The castle is surrounded by a trench and a large tower is remained at the entrance which now has 11m high and over 15m diameter. Despite the damages and harms happened to the castle, still 15 towers out of total number of towers can be seen. Regarding the circular plan of the castle, it is likely that the monument is related to pre-Islamic period which has been exploited in Islamic period, as well. The existence of ancient hills belonging to historical periods (probably Ashkani) at the edge of the city reinforces the probability that Tabasmasina belongs to pre-Islamic periods. Tabasmasina is a very old and historical city named in many geographical texts if early Islamic centuries. Materials used in the structure are adobe and mud.


Qaleye Dokhtar (Young Woman’s Castle)
Age: Sassanid and Seljuk eras.

قلعه دختر بشرویه
قلعه دختر بشرویه

Qaleye Dokhtar, located on the top of a high mountain, is 12 kilometers away from the west of Boshrooyeh and is adjacent to Boshrooyeh aqueduct and “Dahaneh” historical watermill. It is bound by an almost impassable precipice from three directions and can only be climbed from it southern side. This citadel has several places including wide and roofed corridors, circular garrets, halls, spacious rooms, and cisterns. It is among the healthiest citadels in this province. The main material for this building contains fine and carved rocks and a special plaster mortar. Based on its name, it was probably founded in Sassanid era but had been used in the Islamic era as well.


آخرین بروز رسانی : 1392/07/22 00:33:55  تعداد مشاهده : 4023  نویسنده / ویرایشگر : مدیر سایت