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Ancient mosques
نسخه قابل چاپ 
Ancient mosques, South Khorasan, Iran

Afin Grand Mosque
National registration number: 2182, Age: Saljoughi dynasty, Location of the monument: Afin rural distric, 85 kilometers to the southeast of Qaen, Afin village

مسجد جامع افین زیرکوه

This building is located inside Afin Village. It has a single balcony in the present conditions. The balcony of the building, whose vault has fallen down, is considered to be the most important part of the architecture of the building. Bearing in mind the available evidence, particularly using a forked arch in all vaults, the vault of the balcony has also been in the forked shape. There are two corridors located on the two sides of the balcony, the main gonbadkhaneh is behind the balcony and two smaller gonbadkhanehs are located on the two sides of the main gonbadkhaneh. The dome has been constructed on the four-sided surface of gonbadkhanehs using filpoush. The courtyard of the building lies in front of the balcony, and has canopies on three sides. The exact construction date of the building is not clear, but the decorative plasterwork and also its architectural style belong to the Saljoughi period.


Hendvalan Grand Mosque
National Registration No. 1893 Age: Timurid Dynasty, Monument Address: Hendvalan Village, Asadieh

مسجد جامع هندولان درمیان اسدیه

The mosque is the most splendid historical, religious structure of Darmian Province. Its main architectural elements are portal, apron, vault, pier shabestan, and altar. Central vault is skillfully located in a foursquare space using squinch. Pier shabestan is located at both sides of the vault and executed using arch and rib technique by four-split method. The structure has various brick ornamentations and the ornaments include: squinches, altars rasmibandi, the estate of domes bricking. This historical monument is constructed in the period of Timurid Shahrokh about 805 (hijri).


Dorokhsh Mosque
National Registration No. 2066, Age: Safavid Dynasty, Monument Address: Derakhsh Village


مسجد درخش درمیان

Based on the existing cornice, basic foundation of the mosque is related to 981 Hijri and the founder of the mosque is Amidolmalek Muhammad Dorohkshi. In general, the spaces constructed in the mosque include the main loggia, shabestan, and a wide room adjacent shabestan. Altar is one of the main elements existing in shabestan. Plan of the mosque is designed based on satisfying the timely needs and does not comply with any particular pattern. The most significant ornamental elements used in this historical monument are: ceiling of the altar and cruciform plasterworks on top of the ceiling, arcture on top of the altar with short niches and muqarnas ornaments at the corners, arcatures existing in other parts of shabestan. Also, symmetry existing in the architectural components and elements used in shabestan adds to the beauty of the structure. The wide room existing in east of shabestan is covered using a thick pier and arch and rib method. And, here, small and big niches are seen on the wall. Materials such as rock, brick, adobe and plaster are used in constructing the structure. Based on law, any manipulation of the mosque and its privacy is banned unless by receiving written permission from Cultural Heritage Headquarters.


The Grand Mosque of Sarayan
National Register No: 8734; Age: Safavid era; Location: Ferdows county, Ayask rural district, inside the city of Sarayan


مسجد جامع سرایان

مسجد جامع سرایان

The city of Sarayan is located in the northwest of Birjand, the capital of Southern Khorasan Province, at a distance of 160 km. There are several historical monuments in the city of Sarayan, including caravanserais, mosques, Hussainias, and Ab-Anbars (cisterns). A prominent feature of Sarayan county is the abundance of active Ab-Anbars. According to some researches, the Grand Mosque of Sarayan dates back to Safavid period. Its porch of 13 meters high is adjacent to two prayer halls (Shabistan). The courtyard of the Mosque is enclosed with a wall covered with shallow arcades. This wall is known to be related to Qajar era. The beautiful mihrab (prayer niche) of the Mosque is decorated with carved stucco and Surah al-Fatiha is inscribed on it. Moreover, the vault of the inner part of mihrab is decorated with Mogharnas. Indeed, there are very beautiful Mogharnas at the top of the mihrab and the porch roof, which has made the face of the porch so graceful and elegant. The façade of the porch is trimmed with bricks design and the western prayer hall has beautiful decorative schemes on the corners.


Seh Qaleh (Three Castles) Grand Mosque
National Register No: 16469; Age: Safavid era; Location: The old fabric of Seh Qaleh city


مسجد جامع سه قلعه

This most prominent historical monument of the city is located inside the old fabric of Seh Qaleh city and is recognizable from far away. It has a porch and a prayer hall and other parts of it have suffered many changes. The porch is located in the southwest corner of the courtyard and has a gable vault. It has a width of 5 m and a depth of 9.2 m.
The roof of the porch is supported by three groins with a width of 1 m and domes. At the end of the porch, there is the mihrab of the building, which is decorated with stucco and karbandi. The prayer hall is roofed with the support of a quadrilateral column – with the size of 1 × 1.3 m – and groins, based on the central column and wall edges, as well as coved domes. The monument lacks a slate or a document indicating the date of the construction. However, considering the similarities between this mosque and others related to Safavid era, it most likely belongs to Safavid period and has undergone changes during Qajar era. The building is the most important and prominent historical monument of Seh Qaleh city. It is also considered as the biggest and the most prominent historical mosque of the county after the Grand Mosque of Sarayan.


Congregational Mosque (Great Mosque) of Ferdows
National Registration Number: 1222, Age: Seljuk and Khwarizmi era, Location: South-east of historical region of Toon


مسجد جامع فردوس

This mosque had been on central part of Toon and today, it is in south-east of Ferdows. Jame’e Mosque of Toon had two balconies and its main structure was destroyed in an earthquake in early sixth century of Hegira. Porch of Kiblah and summer and winter Shabestans [bedchambers] in north and south sides are what have remained of the mosque. The side of porch of Kiblah is the purest side of mosque historically attributed to Khwarizmi era due to its brick facade and model of arch and small arch (Gothic arch) in comparison with balcony and plan of Jame’e Mosque of Zuzan. Jame’e Mosque of Ferdows is a mosque with two balconies made on Khorasani Style and is aged to fifth and sixth centuries of Hegira.


 Qaen Mosque
 National registration number: 295, Oldness: 9th century AD, Address: Imam Khomeini Ave, Qaen Capital City.


مسجد جامع قاین

According to the inscription on the porch of Jame Mosque, this building was built in 796 AD ordered by Amir Jamshid Ghareni. Thus, Qaen Mosque is among the works built in the late Ilkhani era and the early Timurid era. This work has some components such as courtyard, veranda, porch, rooms, entrance, stairway landing and sun clock. Mosque porch is the most characteristic architectural elements. The major decorations used in the building include front porch brickworks, painting on the interior surfaces of portico and decorations used in its dual altars.


آخرین بروز رسانی : 1392/07/22 00:20:45  تعداد مشاهده : 3850  نویسنده / ویرایشگر : مدیر سایت