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Qaen County
نسخه قابل چاپ 
Qaen County

Qaen County
The city of Qaenat the land of the Sun and of the Red Gold is located in the East of Iran and the north of Southern Khorasan Province between 15 and 33 to 12 and 34, latitude and 38 and 56 to 56 and 60, longitude. This city is limited to Khaf and Gonabad from the north and to Ferdows and Sarayan from the West and to Birjand and Darmian from the south and has a 130km-long border with Afghanistan from the East. The height of this region from open seas is 1440 meters above sea level, and its area is over 17,722 square kilometers.

Historical Background
 According to the archaeological evidence, the history of human habitation in Khonik cave, located 18 kilometers from the south Qaen, goes back to 12 to 20 thousand years before Christ. Regarding the city, it could be said that Qaen is one of the ancient and historical city of Southern Khorasan, that according to the historical literature its history goes back to pre-Islam period. This city has been always important in Sassanid era. Qaen was the largest city of Ghaheston in the Islamic period, because it has been on the way of the important trade routes of Sistan and Kerman and Sea Oman shores (rock clamp). The commercial and economic importance of Qaen has been to the extent that it is called (Oman gate and Kerman dock and Khorasan warehouse) in the fourth century. During the Islamic period, this city has had a fortification with different gates and it has been surrounded by a ditch the limited remnants of which still remains, Kohandezh was also located in the fortification and Jame Mosque and Daralamarh have been inside Kohandezh. Visiting the city in the middle of the fifth century AD, Naser Khosrow Qobadiani has described it as follows: (Qaen is a big well-fortified city surrounded by a ditch and Adineh Mosque is in the city, there is a great arch where that is shortened, an arch I had not seen any bigger in Khorasan and the arch is not suitable for the mosque and the palace of the entire city is for dome). In the late fifth century AD, this city and other areas of Ghaheston have been the battlefield scene of the conflicts between Ismaili devotees and forces of the Seljuk rule. In the middle of the seventh century AD, Hülegü Khan destroyed Alamut and Ghaheston Castles and during this throe, so many habitable cities and areas were ruined and so many people were killed. At this time, solace has left Qaen, because Hamd-ollah Mostofi in 720 AH has described Qaen and its people as follows: (sarbineh is built in most houses, and all people of the city are army town and everyone has war implements). The archeological excavations in recent years, the origin of which is excavation of Prince Hossein Qaen Hill, led to the discovery of relics and remnants of Qaen mosque that indicates the prosperity and prestige of this town in Saljuq era. In the late Safavid period with the rise of Khozeimeh princes’ clan (Alam), Birjand was gradually substituted for the old city of Qaen.

Characteristic Historical Attractions :

1- Qaen Mosque
 National registration number: 295, Oldness: 9th century AD, Address: Imam Khomeini Ave, Qaen Capital City.

قاین مسجد جامع قاین

According to the inscription on the porch of Jame Mosque, this building was built in 796 AD ordered by Amir Jamshid Ghareni. Thus, Qaen Mosque is among the works built in the late Ilkhani era and the early Timurid era. This work has some components such as courtyard, veranda, porch, rooms, entrance, stairway landing and sun clock. Mosque porch is the most characteristic architectural elements. The major decorations used in the building include front porch brickworks, painting on the interior surfaces of portico and decorations used in its dual altars.
2-Khezri Mosque
 National registration number: 6653, Oldness: Qajar, Address: 2km to the south of the Khezri city

قاین مسجد جامع خضری

 Khezri mosque building is located one kilometer away from the new City of Khezri. This distance could indicate an earthquake in 1968 that destroyed the town. The original building of Khezri Mosque was rebuilt after the destruction through people’s self-help. The current building is on the site of the original building of the mosque that is related to the Safavid era.

3-The Tomb of Bozajomehr
 National Register Number: 2759, Oldness: 6th and 7th centuries AD, Address: 5km to the south of the Qaen city

قاین مقبره بوذرجمهر قاین

 The tomb of Bozajomehr, one of the famous mystics, poet and politician of the fourth and fifth centuries AD, is located 5km from the south Qaen on the hillside of the Abouzar Mountain. This building is built in the 6th and 7th centuries AD. It is built in Cruciform form with a beautiful architecture. Its monument has four porches and dome rests on the top of these porches. Plaster molding decorations under the dome are considered among the most beautiful parts of this building. Behind the monument, a platform is created on which the peripheral buildings of the tomb are built. There is an old tree with 700 years of age beside the tomb of Bozajomehr.

4-Soltani Historical House (Anthropology Museum of Qaen)
 National registration number: 4807, Oldness: Qajar, Address: Janbazan St., Qaen city center

قاین خانه سلطانی قاین

 The building of the old house of Soltani belongs to Soltani family, one of landlords and grandees of Qaen. This building has been built concurrent with the old building of Haqiqi (Mir) houses and considering lots of similarities (in terms of architectural design and decoration) between these two buildings, the architect of both buildings might have been the same. The original building belongs to the Zandieh era and in the Qajar era some changes have been made in the winter porch. In the early Pahlavi era, a short porch and a few living spaces have been built on the southern flank of the building and on the southern (summer) porch. During later eras, a wall has been made between the two rooms to reduce their space. It has caused the remaining space on the attached back wall to be converted into barn and the beauty of the main space to be reduced. The decorations used in the building include customaries, specific decorations of wall stove, decoration of the courtyard plastering, including framing and plaster patterns. The building was purchased in 2003 by the mayor and Islamic Council and was given to the Department of Cultural Heritage to become the Museum of Anthropology so that it would change the activity after a complete restoration. It has caused the remaining space on the attached back wall to be converted into barn and the beauty of the main space to be reduced

5-Castle of Qaen Mount
National Registration Number: 4803, Age: Ismailia era, Location: 5th km South of Qaen

قاین قلعه کوه قاین

The great and noble context of Castle of Qaen Mount with an area of several acres is one of the Seljuk Era castles and one of the major military bases of Ismailia devotees. The castle is constructed on a mount overlooking Qaen and is limited to mountain on its southern and eastern sides and to Qaen plain on its western and northern sides. Consistent with roughness of mount surface, the castle is constructed in two separated parts, one part for soldiers and another part for commanders. Internal spaces include rooms, towers, numerous water reservoirs and passageways.

6-Farsian Stone Bridge (Farsan Cave)

قاین پل سنگی فارسیان قاین

Farsian stone bridge is located on 62nd km in north of Qaen, 12th km in north of Khezri and 2nd km in north-east of Saghoori Village. The region enjoys appropriate condition from viewpoint of recreation. With 30 meters length and 20 meters height, Farsian stone bridge has several small and large caves in which birds of prey and especially wild pigeons have nested.


آخرین بروز رسانی : 1392/07/22 00:30:10  تعداد مشاهده : 12378  نویسنده / ویرایشگر : مدیر سایت