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نسخه قابل چاپ 
Sarbishehh, Land of Historical Villages

Sarbisheh Province (capital: Sarbishehh City, area: 8251km2) is located in eastern Iran, at the northeast edge of Lut Desert, southeast Birjand Province, and Birjand-Zajedan international axis. It is limited to Birjand Province from north and west, Nahbadan Province from south, and Afghanistan from east. Length of its joint borderline with Afghanistan is 110km. Sarbishehh City is located 66km Birjand – the capital of Southern Khorasan Province.

Historical Background
In historical books "Baharestan, Nezhato lqolub, and Mo'jamo lbaldan"; Sarbishehh, Muminabad, and Naharjan are named. And, mosques and old monuments of the city have attracted the tourists. As cited from late Ayatollah Ayati in the book "Baharestan", Sarbishehh is an old city where people have been Zoroastrian before Islam and it is recalled by Hamdollah Mostowfi in the book "Nezhato lqolub". In the book, he says that Abubakr Ali Ibn alhassan Ghohestani eulogized by Farokhi Sistani was from the city and considered to be among the scientists and literates of Mahmud of Qazni age. In the etymology of Sarbishehh City, he has said that since the land of south part of the city was watershed and green, it has been called Sarbishehh. There are also other quotations in this regard, for example, Sardbisheh is known so due to the cold weather (sard) and, gradually, the letter "d" is omitted.

istinctive Historical Attractions:

Fort and Garden of “Mood”

سربیشه باغ و عمارت مود قلعه باغ مود

This Fort and Garden of “Mood” is located in the city of Mood and at a distance of 30km, from Birjand. The surroundings of this garden consists of 20 round towers with a specific distance between each other, in addition to the towers there is a moat, with a width of 1 meter which surrounds the facility for the defense of the fort. Inside the fort can be found an old formal building including verandas, relics of a vestibule, corridors and rooms. On the walls and archways one can find Islamic inscriptions and art work paintings on plaster, using the designs of flowers, shrubs and birds. Decorative arches and ornaments can also be found in the building. The antiquity of this fort refers to the “Zandi” era. At the center of the garden it shows the characterization in association to the architecture in the late “Qajar” era and the early years of the “Pahlavi” era. The plan of the construction consists of numerous doors, for easy access to a different place. At the front of the building there is situated a lake, in the main street of the garden. The garden has two main streets. The central building is located at the intersection of the two. The main tree species of the garden is pine, aspen and other useful trees such as apricot and barberry can be found.

Barkouh Castle
National Registration No. 17062, Age: Safavid Dynasty, Monument Address: in Barkouh Village, Sarbishehh Province

سربیشه قلعه برکوه سربیشه

At the edge of Barkouh Village in South Sarbishehh, a castle of abode and mud is seen with foursquare plan, towers around and exterior wall. Interior spaces of the castle comprise several rooms along with central courtyard, corridors and connecting spaces a great part of which is ruined. The castle is constructed on a floor ground and is of desert castles types with foursquare plan. Major architectural elements of building are the main bulwark (in form of four thick and high walls) and towers with circular plan in two or three floors on the corners or in the middle of the bulwarks. Other architectural elements and structures of the building include interior spaces of the castle which are connecting corridors of several rooms with various uses and apron. Like the other similar castles, here again materials prevalent and accessible in the area are applied (i.e. rock used at the base of the walls and abode and mud applied in the other parts). Regarding the similarity between the castle and other muddy castle of the village, it is considered to be one of the defensive buildings of Safavid to Qajar period.


Yavari House
National Registeration No: 3680, Age: Safavide-Qajar; Location: Sarbisheh, Barkooh Village

سربیشه خانه یاوری سربیشه

The house is located in the top of a hill in farmlands inside Sarbishehh City and near the ruins of the old Sarbishehh Castle. The most important architectural elements of the castle are portal, porch, connecting vestibule, central courtyard or court, loggias, several rooms, kitchen, and storerooms. Loggias are located in northern and southern sides of the building. Elements like stove, oven, and firewood room still exist in the kitchen, and the type of ceiling cover is dome. There is a closet near the kitchen where Kankuk (large muddy jars) typical of storing provision and grain are seen. The space is covered by arch and rib technique. Among the most important ornamental elements of the monument, brick geometric ornaments on the entrance facing, eaves of the courtyard, and also paintings of the wall in south side rooms of the building can be implied. With respect to the existing architectural evidences, the building is related to Qajar and early Pahlavi period.


Chenesht Cave
National Registration No. 17076, Age: between 5th and 9th centuries (Hijri), Monument Address: Chanshat Village, Sarbishehh Province

سربیشه غار چنشت
سربیشه غار چنشت

Chanshat cave is located in the northern heights of Chanshat Village, of the dependencies of Sarbishehh Province. The cave is 60m long and formed as a result of internal factors of the earth and earthquake. Sometimes, it is hardly possible to pass through various parts of the cave and there are also spaces with over 10m high. Where you enter the cave, there are the ruins of a brick structure which includes two walls on the sides of the opening. Residues existing inside the cave comprise wood, fabric, and broken bones of human related to 5th-9th centuries (Hijri).

Chehel-Chah Cave
National Registration No. 17075, Age: Seljuq Dynasty, Monument Address: Chanshat Village, Sarbishehh Province

سربیشه غار چهل چاه

On high rocks of the north Chanshat Village and 200m west of Chanshat Cave, there is a cave significant in terms of historical, archeological, and anthropological values. The opening of the cave is located toward South with 80cm high and 1.5m width. Most length of the cave path runs through wandering corridors and it is difficult to pass through them. Along the cave path, there are corpses belonged to adults and children some of whom have become anxious due to the presence of the visitors. On some of the bodies, residues of cloths and also skin and hair are still seen. Regarding the natural conditions of the cave, it was probably used as temporal shelter and most likely the bodies are belonged to an Alawi group protesting against Abbasid government and sheltered the cave. Given the above mentioned, it is suggested that the residues are belonged to 5th century (Hijri).

آخرین بروز رسانی : 1392/07/22 00:32:04  تعداد مشاهده : 2552  نویسنده / ویرایشگر : مدیر سایت